Evaluation of shrimp-associated species in abandoned ponds in Mati City, Philippines

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DOI:

https://doi.org/10.59120/drj.v15iNo.2.193

Keywords:

Aquaculture ponds, bycatch species, invasive species, Mati City, shrimp ponds

Abstract

This study aimed to identify, characterize, and evaluate the biodiversity of shrimp-associated species in abandoned shrimp ponds, specifically assessing the trophic levels of bycatch species in Barangay Dahican, Mati City. Using a scoop net, researchers collected macrobenthic samples from Maitum, Lahusan, and Butuasan, finding 1,528 individuals with varying species compositions namely: Oreochromis niloticus (Nile tilapia), Coenobita cavipes (Land hermit crab), Canarium labiatum (Plicate conch), Rochia nilotica (Commercial top), Clithon oualaniense (Guamanian nerite), Cerithium coralium (Coral cerith), and Callinectes sapidus (Blue crab). Cerithium coralium was the most abundant species with 70% relative abundance, followed by Clithon oualaniense, with 29%. In contrast, the least abundant species were the Oreochromis niloticus and Canarium labiatum, with 1% relative abundance. Moreover, biodiversity indices revealed that Lahusan 1 (H' = 0.731; D=0.46) and Butuasan (H' = 0.714; D = 0.5) had higher biodiversity, whereas Lahusan 2 had the lowest (H' = 0.318; D = 0.15). In addition, there were also significant differences in terms of species abundance (df = 6, MS = 34.18, F = 6.02, P = 0.000) and none in terms of site locations (df = 3, MS = 18.71, F=2.08, P= 0.188). The study results showed that these associated species were mainly benthic and came from the nearby environment.  Providing good management for the abandoned shrimp ponds in the area could mean reverting them to their original state to provide a habitat for other organisms.

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Author Biographies

Jason C. Pilotos, Faculty of Agriculture and Life Sciences, Davao Oriental State University

Mati City, Davao Oriental, Philippines

Yam Nesa B. Bualan, Faculty of Agriculture and Life Sciences, Davao Oriental State University

Mati City, Davao Oriental, Philippines

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Published

2024-06-20

How to Cite

Pilotos, J. C., & Bualan, Y. N. B. (2024). Evaluation of shrimp-associated species in abandoned ponds in Mati City, Philippines. Davao Research Journal, 15(2), 78–86. https://doi.org/10.59120/drj.v15iNo.2.193

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Articles