Copepod distribution and diversity in the coastal areas of Ban-ao and Lambajon, Davao Oriental, Philippines: Environmental influences and conservation implications




Copepods, correlation, decantation, diversity, physico-chemical parameters


Copepods are essential components of marine ecosystems, facilitating energy transfer within these complex systems. The study investigates copepod diversity and distribution in Ban-ao and Lambajon coastal areas in Baganga, Davao Oriental, highlighting the environmental factors influencing copepod populations. Four copepod families representing different orders were identified, with Harpacticoida, Calanoida, and Cyclopoida prevalent in both sites, while Misophrioida was exclusive to Lambajon. Physico-chemical parameters such as dissolved oxygen (DO), pH, salinity, sediment composition, water depth, and temperature were analyzed to understand their correlation with copepod density. The study reveals variations in copepod density and abundance between the sites, with Lambajon showing a higher total density (49 ind/cm³) compared to Ban-ao (35 ind/cm³). The Pearson correlation matrix illustrates complex relationships between copepod density and environmental parameters in each site. In Ban-ao, strong positive correlations were found between copepod density and DO (r = 0.65) and temperature (r = 0.36). In Lambajon, positive correlations existed between water depth and copepod density (r = 0.20). Both sites exhibit low copepod diversity overall, potentially due to anthropogenic pressures. These findings emphasize the need for further research to understand the interactions between environmental factors and copepod diversity, essential for effective conservation and management strategies in these coastal ecosystems.


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Author Biographies

Hanelen T. Pislan, Fisheries Catch Assessment Project, Davao Oriental State University

City of Mati,Philippines

Cirilo O. Ybañez, Faculty of Agriculture and Life Sciences, Davao Oriental State University

City of Mati, Philippines


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How to Cite

Pislan, H. T., & Ybañez, C. O. (2024). Copepod distribution and diversity in the coastal areas of Ban-ao and Lambajon, Davao Oriental, Philippines: Environmental influences and conservation implications. Davao Research Journal, 15(2), 50–65.